Success Story

 


Water conservation by 'Bori Bandhan".....District Dindori

Water conservation by 'Bori Bandhan
The agriculture business is enriching at the profitable stage in district Dindori of Madhya Pradesh. Most of the backward villages (Grams) of district are at growing platform and contributing excellent efforts for pecuniary development. This wonder is the fruitful result of women associated with village level committee (gram stariya samiti). Their tuff efforts have reflected an amazing scenario in village like Rawankund, Gutalwah, Dankakhamhariya, Dundusarai, Amera, Bilgaon, Kaarigadahri, Dangariya, Gutlima and Chargaonracky. Thus, stopdams have been constructed with the help of 14 Bori Bandh in 10 villages of district Dindauri. This technique is providing necessary irrigation facility for good farming and preparing kitchen garden. Actually, before sometime the farmers of these villages were totally depend on rainwater for cropping and yielding. This situation was very much chronic at the time of draught. It affected the domestic income of their family. They also seek for an opportunity to rectify the problem of drinking water. To sort out the problem, Jagriti Mahila Sangh organised a meeting and collectively decided to construct a stopdam with joot bags (bori baandh). Women associated with Tejaswini Gramin Mahila Sashaktikaran Programme, started water harvesting process with common understanding of gram samiti and co-ordination of local staff. Other villagers also contributed their efforts to complete the task. Now, these villagers are yielding their fields with availability of 14 Bori Bandh . This technique is very much beneficial to fulfil the daily needs. These stopdams, costs rs. 35 thousand is helping the farmers to continue the rich farming. The whole, social script and enactment was the prior step of women which afterwards followed by men villagers. “It is really appreciable act of women power. It is undoubtedly the fruitful outcome of self confidence, awareness and firm determination of women, which proves that women have now understood their importance and role in the society. These women are leaving the traditional myths and contributing their recognizable efforts in reckless speed of complete development.

Irrigation with the help of solar energy

Irrigation with the help of solar energy
400 women are yielding and surviving very well with horticulture based farming in block/location Niwadi of district Teekamgarh. Other 20 women associated with this group have combined land of 25 acre. These women are doing irrigation from the solar pumps fit in wells of their field. 5500 poor farmer women of 421 groups are associated with two location i.e. Tarichrkalan and Niwari block of district Teekamgarh. Before decays, these women were depend on rainy season for farming. There is neither any other source of water nor proper arrangement of electricity which affect the agricultural efforts of women. To sort out the problem of irrigation and water, Livelihood activity as Vegetable cultivation programme affiliated with Tejaswini scheme, has provided an alternative organisation to the women group. It has done excellent efforts to rectify the problem. Development alternative organisation has also provided the drinking water by solar panel in district Tikamgarh. Then, women also demanded for irrigation system processed by solar system. The project co-ordinator took keen interest to develop the solar panel irrigation system. The co-ordinators started survey or water level of wells and collected other important information. After this prior step, the company executives of solar firm have surveyed the location and discussed to the women about technical necessities for the same project. Ultimately, it has been decided that 2 H.P. (horse power) pump will best suit for the irrigation of 25 acre land. These women made common understanding to irrigate their land with aforesaid technique. Then, workers of CLARO Company have established a pump of 2 H.P. The women sort out problem of irrigation along with the increment of their domestic income. Now, these women are regularly irrigating their fields and getting electricity in bonus. The women shared their experiences and said” now, we serve as an officer here. We bring our Tiffin with us in morning and happily return to our home in evening. We don’t have any sort of need to irrigate our fields in late night hours.

“Kisan club”...Inspiring Farmers to Adopt Modern agricultural Techniques

“Kisan club”...Inspiring Farmers to Adopt Modern agricultural Techniques
“Kisan Club” playing a vital role to make agriculture as more beneficial business than before in Madhya Pradesh. In Balaghat district now women farmers were practising modern techniques of agriculture & enjoying more income with least investment in guidance of the “Kisan club”. Formation of “Kisan Club” : The constitutional process of “Kisan Club” inaugurated from April 2013 and now about 71 “Kisan Club” constituted in the district,33 in Warasivni & 38 in Lalburra Location. Atleast 10 members are involved in the formation of a “Kisan Club” .There are maximum number of rural womens are involved in the “Kisan Club” are from SHG of programme Tejaswini. Role of NABARD : The National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) provides financial assistance & technical knowhow for the promotion and formation of “Kisan Club”. Women farmers can also utilize the amount for inter loaning and fulfil other needs. Benefits of Kisan Club : The women farmers are more informed about the modern agricultural techniques than before .In “Kisan clubs”women farmers taking benefits with enriching their knowledge as - Training : Field training for the cultivation by new modern techniques as SRI etc. Technical Guidence : women farmers are getting technical guidance for soil testing,seed treatment,use best quality of seeds etc. Exposure Visit : visit of farmers in developed farm land,Krishi Vigyan Mela etc.Adoption of Manure : To vail complete information about Manure farming in co-ordination with the Govt. Agricultural department. Management of records : The records maintains with “Kisan Club” as cash book,ledger,meeting register,bill file etc.

Richness of Genetic Diversity of Minor-Millets on Farmers Fields

Richness of Genetic Diversity of Minor-Millets on Farmers Fields
Millets are small-seeded grasses that are hardy and grow well in dry zones as rain-fed crops, under marginal conditions of soil fertility and moisture. Millets are also unique due to their short growing season (as little as 65 days). Looking to poor production of these crops under rainfed situation and the food and nutritional security, improved varieties of small millets (kodo-kutki) were introduced to federations of Self Help Groups (SHGs) formed under Tejaswini Rural Woman Empowerment Programme, considering the climatic conditions of Dindori district, and as a community-based livelihoods programme to enhance the production and income of farmers by growing millets that could be marketed at higher price for its properties in comparison to other crops like wheat and paddy rice grown earlier. The community produced wheat, paddy rice, kodo-kutki millets and corn but due to lack of technical knowhow access to markets and involvement of middlemen to sell their produce, getting proper value of their products was a basic service indicator. Earlier they use to produce only a quintal out of their small land holding i.e. from 0.5 to 1 acre and had low market value to the tune of INR 8-10 per kg and had very low total income as a whole for kodo-kutki. To address this service indicator of low income of the farmers, TRWEP conducted a baseline survey regarding livelihoods concerns of the village and after looking at the keenness of the SHG federations to carry out a experiment on minor millets crops as a source of income generation. For the purpose, the project was sanctioned on kodo-kutki millet production to 1497 community women of Nari Chetna Mahila Sangh Mehendwani, a federation of village level SHGs in district Dindori. This project was started from July 2013 with 1497 SHG farm women. July 2014 onwards, 2700 farmwomen from SHGs and 3800 are men & women both as other farmers ware expected to join. They have 1- 2 acres land each but the sowing was done 0.5 acre of land. Each farmer (women ) received a training course on millet production technology involving experts of KVK Dindori, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidhyalaya (JNKVV), Jabalpur, NGOs as NYWCID and location-specific staff involved in the project. In order to determine the efficacy of new initiatives, it was ensured that the selected members were not involved in any other livelihood activity, so the income generation could be measured solely in terms of the new initiative. To support these farmers in the production of millets, exposure visits were arranged for selected CRPs (Community Resource Persons) to the Krishi Vigyan Kedra (KVK) at Dindori . Under the technical guidance of KVK, JK – 48 and JK – 439 a developed species of Koudo and JK – 8 a developed species of Kutki were selected for the farming and latest agricultural equipments were provided by the project to maximise production. Integrated Nutrient Management as well as Integrated Pest Management technique for insect management was used whereby farmers were encouraged to use neem oil mainly. The farmers were also encouraged to use vermicompost under integrated manner. (this approach was inducted on the farm to increase the yield parameters to enhance the total productivity of the crops undertaken) which could eventually help them to get quality seeds of these small millets for better marketability and generating more income. TRWEP converged with the Department of Agriculture of Madhya Pradesh Government for classification of the Kodo kutki crops and providing harvesting machine for farmers ( To the Federation only) costing INR. 4,00,000. Intervention has increased the yield from 1.0q in area of 1 acre to 1q to 1.5q in area of 0.5 acre and released an outcome of INR 4000/q (INR 40/ kg ) which INR. 3000 more than their original income of INR. 1000/q( INR 10 /1 kg ) only. With the introduction of improved varieties of Kodo (JK-48 and JK-439) and kutki (JK-8) and integrating them with the suitable nutrient and weed/ pest management especially incorporation of vermicompost and neem oil for insect management, enhancement in the grain yield of these crops were recorded. Women farmer (1497) realised total productivity of 2245.5 q out of 748.5 acres which amounted them a sum of INR 89,82,000/- at the rate of INR 4000/ q. Now a farmer gets more production per crop as compared to farmers’ method of cultivation (farmers are paid directly through the Federation.). This has increased the farmer’s net income to the tune of Rs. INR 5,200 as each farmer has deposited 20 kg seeds to the Federation which had total 300 q seeds available with amounting INR 12 lakhs (@ INR 4000/q). As a result of these efforts which have also reduced the interference of middle men, thereby increasing profit margins of the farmers. Hence the crop produced at Dindori district is of special variety and its demand is very high in the market because of high medicinal value. These small millets particularly in kodo has several health benefits. The whole grain has very high protein, fibre content and non-glutinous and is considered to be the least allergic and amongst most digestible grains available. Kodo-kutki is particularly high in minerals like iron, magnesium, phosphorous and potassium. The medicinal value of these grains is highly valued because its consumption can lead to increased levels of haemoglobin and reduced cases of diabetes. In this context, for Nutritional security beyond food security, farmers (farm women) would be able to access to essential nutrients by strengthening additional domestic food production, and nutritional value from kodo-kutki through better land management practices and finally generating income through increased trade and value addition agricultural products from these crops.

Solar base Drinking Water Pipe Line Supply

Solar base Drinking Water Pipe Line Supply
It was the initial year (2008) of field implementation of the Tejaswini project and Society for Development Alternatives was implementing this project at their two locations namely Niwari and Taricharkalan at Niwari block of Distt Tikamgarh. The Central region part of our Country Bundelkhand was facing lot of scarcity of water both drinking purposes as well as Agricultural purposes. When the location staff started PRA work for formation of WSHG, the community told their lot of problem which was prevailing surrounding them. Drinking Water was the major problem for them hence the community was un-innate felling to combine with this project. The Niwari location staff has discussed this problem to the senior officer of the Organization Development Alternatives and one big village level meeting has organized with the community for how to solve this problem. Organisation DA took this village for implementation of Arghyam Project for drinking water and sanitation. Lot of idea has come out through the community and lastly community agreed on Spread out the Pipe water Line around the village so that each hamlet (mohalla) gets drinking water. The organization has started the work to work-out the cost of it and from where we get the sufficient source of water. After doing survey it was come out that 1900 meter pipe line will be spread out in the village, 19 stand posts will be required to supply the water to the villager, where this tap stand will be set up, 2HP submersible pump will be required, and for all that approx Rs.2.50 lac to Rs. 3.00 lac will be spend. Resistivity test has been made and one sufficient source of water has been found in the village. Cost estimation was also discussed with the community and from where this cost will be meat out and how much cost will be bear by the villagers. Finally it was agreed that 30% cost will be bear by the community in form of labour and kind and rest of the 70% will be bear by the Organisation for materials. The lay outing work to spread out the pipe line has been started. During this and set up work of tap stand has also emerge as a big problem because every one villager or powerful person wanted to fix tap stand in front of their house and some of the villager said if it was not fix at in front of their house this work will be very difficult for the organization and some one told we will do work of IPC 302. This type of problem solve by the community mostly women and intellectual person of the villager. Pipe line spread out in the village and tap stand has been set up at the each hamlet and it was decided by the community to take at least 20 house hold take water from each tap stand. For operation of pipe water line supply, one community base Samagra Jal Vikas Samiti (SJVS) has been formed and their roll and responsibility was also fixed like operation and maintenance of pipe water line collection of monthly rental from each house hold etc. Now the last work of pipe water line supply yet to be finalized i.e.to put the submersible pump in the bore. When this work completed and water flow out at each tap stand, all villager were happy particularly women were very happy. After solving this problem, the Tejaswini Project work has been started and WSHG has been formed. But the main problem was also stand wherever i.e. electricity, because a huge amount due of electricity department were stand on the villagers of agricultural activities. SJVS did the meeting with the Electricity Department for separate connection for water line supply which was mandatory and agreed to pay due amount in installment and initial the SJVS collect Rs. 25000/- from the villager on which huge amount were due. Initially 6 month to 1 year this pipe line work smoothly and villager were pay off electricity bill on monthly regular basis but old out standing of electricity department due could not pay-off by the community/villagers. Organisation DA has made many efforts with the community to run the pipe line water supply regularly. Many meeting organized with the villagers to pay-off electricity department dues so that pipe line water supply run regularly but some villager told that can this pipe line water supply not run by solar system? DA staff told can be but a huge amount will be required approx Rs. 2.00 lac to Rs. 3.00 lac and who will pay for it. DA has approached to Arghyam trust for setting up solar system. Arghyam trust gave the sanction for the same. DA installed a solar system for running pipe line water supply in 2010. Since than Solar base pipe line water supply system running regularly by 22 tap stand for assured drinking water, which is totally community based and run by the Samagra Jal Vikas Samiti of this villager’s participation. Organization has also made constructed participatory cattle trough through panchayat for drinking water for animals of the village at the boarder of the village. On a sanitation issues organization has participatory constructed 170 toilets, 17 Soak Pit and 600 meter drainage in the village. Organization has also organized a awareness programme with the school children on sanitation issues.

Rural Women Promoted SWIP campaign

Rural Women Promoted SWIP campaign
Rural Women Promoted SWIP campaignto incsease polling Tejaswini Rural Women Empowerment Programme promoted the Election Commission’s programme Systematic Voters Education & Electoral Participation (SVEEP) in six districts of M.P. All the SHG members i.e. Rural women conducted meetings, training programme, Rally and campaign aimed to enhance percent of voting & encourage masses to participate in the process of voting. By their efforts the electroral percentage has increased in these districts.